A human mitochondrial genome database

A compendium of polymorphisms and mutations in human mitochondrial DNA
MITOMAP reports published and unpublished data on human mitochondrial DNA variation. Currently our variant tables report frequencies from 30589 human mitochondrial DNA sequences. If you would like to add a paper and its data into MITOMAP, please email a pdf to We appreciate your help. Thanks.
Science Cover

MITOMAP Quick Reference
   led-gray To search for point mutations, click here. The info button on the search page has more information.

   led-gray The rCRS is GenBank number NC_012920. Click here for details.

General References   Illustrations:
The Annotated Human Mitochondrial DNA Sequence    View Figures
The rCRS & other mtDNAs     UPDATED GenBank Frequency Info   -Mitochondrial DNA Map
Amino Acid Translation Tables   -Eleven pathological mutations in tRNA
Mitochondrial References, ALL     • A-L only     • M-Z only   -Mitochondrial energetics
Haplogroup Markers & Frequencies    Simpler mtDNA Tree: Europe, Asia, Africa   -Diabetes metabolism & the mitochondria      
Mitochondrial DNA Function Locations (Gene Loci)   -World migrations
Mitochondrial DNA Polypeptide Assignments   -mtDNA Trees
Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequences    
Archived Reports:    
    Mitochondrial Human Genome Report   Other databases & tools:
    Common Continent-Specific mtDNA Variants, c.1995   PhyloTree     HaploGrep     MSeqDR-LSDB
    mtDNA RFLPs:   High Resolution     Low Resolution   HmtDB database     MitImpact 2     MitoMiner
    MitoTool     MitoWheel     HvrBase++
mtDNA Variants (includes mini insertions & deletions)   EMPOP CR Database    Mitosearch
UPDATED Control Region Variants (16024-576)   POLG Database    MitoBreak
UPDATED Coding & RNA Variants (577-16023, MTTF-MTTP)   Mammalian Mitochondrial tRNA Genes    
Somatic Mutations      
Collection of Submitted Variant Reports
Other Useful Mito Links on the Web    
mtDNA Mutations with Reports of Disease-Associations    
Organized by mtDNA location:    
UPDATED rRNA/tRNA Mutations    
UPDATED Coding & Control Region Mutations    
Organized by phenotype:    
    rRNA/tRNA Mutations    
    Coding & Control Region Mutations    
    LHON Mutations    
Major Rearrangements    
MtDNA Deletions    
Multiple mtDNA Deletions Within Individuals    
MtDNA Inversions    
MtDNA Simple Insertions    
MtDNA Complex Rearrangements    
Nuclear Genes Involved in Mitochondrial Disease    
Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease    
Non-Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease    
Mitochondrial Pseudogenes    
Submittal of Data & How to Cite MITOMAP:
Submit mtDNA Variants    
If you would like to submit published articles to be included in mitomap, please send the citation & a pdf to
    (please put the word "Mitomap" in the subject line)
How to cite MITOMAP    
Mitochondria Interest Group Video Casts    
mtDNA in the news:
NY Times, May 2, 2000 The Human Family Tree: 10 Adams and 18 Eves
America Now, May 8, 2012 "Mito Kids:" Little soldiers fighting a deadly disease

Map of the Human Mitochondrial DNA
Beagle Web Pick
Scout Report Selection
You are here: MITOMAP Web>WebHome
Topic revision: r132 - 10 Nov 2015 - 15:40:14 - MarieLott
Creative Commons License All site content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.