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A human mitochondrial genome database

A compendium of polymorphisms and mutations in human mitochondrial DNA
MITOMAP reports published data on human mitochondrial DNA variation. If you would like to add a paper and its data into MITOMAP, please email a pdf to We appreciate your help.
Science Cover

2019 Update #3: On Sept 1, 2019 we added 149 new variants from 253 new full-length (FL) and 821 new control region (CR) GenBank sequences. This brings our total SNVs to 14383, the number of FL sequences to 49135, and the number of CR sequences to 72235. Our next sequence set update will be in January. See the GenBank Frequency Info page for details about our current sequence sets.

PICK We have starred our user Favorites for seeking information on specific variants and for understanding the contents of our database.

MITOMAP Quick Reference & Tools

PICK Allele Search - get point mutation data based on position

PICK MITOMASTER - analyze any human mito SNV or nucleotide sequence

led-gray NEW Tool Launchpad

led-gray The rCRS is GenBank number NC_012920.1. Click here for details.

General References Illustrations:
The Annotated Human Mitochondrial DNA Sequence View Figures
The rCRS & other mtDNAs..... PICK GenBank Frequency Info -Mitochondrial DNA Map
Amino Acid Translation Tables ...... MitoTIP tRNA Scoring -Eleven pathological mutations in tRNA
Mitochondrial References, ALL ... • A-L only ... • M-Z only -Mitochondrial energetics
PICK Haplogroup Markers...... PICK Most Common Variants -Diabetes metabolism & the mitochondria
Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequences .... UPDATED Mitobank -World migrations
Mitochondrial DNA Polypeptide Assignments -mtDNA Trees
Mitochondrial DNA Function Locations (Gene Loci) Simple mtDNA Tree: Europe, Asia, Africa
Archived Reports:
... Mitochondrial Human Genome Report
... Common Continent-Specific mtDNA Variants, c.1995
... mtDNA RFLPs:... High Resolution... Low Resolution
General Variants (includes mini insertions & deletions) Other databases & tools:
PICK Control Region Variants (16024-576) PhyloTree ... HaploGrep ... MSeqDR ... AmtDB
PICK Coding & RNA Variants (577-16023, MTTF-MTTP) HmtDB...PON tRNA... MitImpact... NEW HmtVar
Somatic Mutations MitoTool ... HvrBase++ ... GiiB-JST mtSNP ... mtDNA-Server
Collection of Submitted Variant Reports EMPOP CR... Mitosearch... MitoMiner ... MitoWheel ...
Other Useful Mito Links on the Web POLG Database ... MitoBreak... MitoAge
Mamit-tRNA... MitoFit... Aminoacyl tRNA Synthetases
Disease Mutations (reports of possible disease-associations)
Organized by mtDNA location:
PICK rRNA/tRNA Mutations, all       NEW PICK View Cfrm status only
PICK Coding & Non-Coding/Control Region Mutations, all       NEW PICK View Cfrm status only
Organized by phenotype:
rRNA/tRNA Mutations
Coding & Control Region Mutations
LHON Mutations
Major Rearrangements
MtDNA Deletions
Multiple mtDNA Deletions Within Individuals
MtDNA Inversions
MtDNA Simple Insertions
MtDNA Complex Rearrangements
Nuclear Genes Involved in Mitochondrial Disease
Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease
Non-Structural Nuclear Genes in Mitochondrial Disease
Mitochondrial Pseudogenes
How to Cite MITOMAP & Submit Publications
How to cite MITOMAP & Terms of Use
Submitting articles: If you would like to submit published articles to be included in mitomap, please send the citation & a pdf to (please put the word "Mitomap" in the subject line)
Support and Advocacy
United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation Miracles for Mito
About Mitochondrial Disease - Mitoaction's FAQ Audio Podcasts on iTunes- Mitoaction
Foundation for Mitochondrial Medicine Mitochondrial Research Guild
Mito Hope and Help MitoCanada
The Human Family Tree:10 Adams and 18 Eves Mitochondria Interest Group Video Casts

Mitochondrial DNA Map

Map of the Human Mitochondrial DNA

~ Celebrating 20+ years! ~
Mitomap has been continuously updated since 1996.

Topic revision: r102 - 08 Oct 2019, MarieLott

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